You can find diverse climates throughout Iran.In the northwest winters are cold with heavy snowfall but at the same time in south the weather is moderate and pleasant but in summers it gets very hot (more than 100F in july and even in some desert parts 122F)and also humid across Persian Gulf shores.
In general Iran has a dry climate except for Caspian sea coastal plain.The hottest part of Iran which on NASA’s report has the highest temprature in world is an area in Lut desert called Gandom Beryan.
At a glance:
Capital city: Tehran (population 7.2 million)
Population: 76.9 million
Time zone: (GMT+03:30) Tehran
Electricity: Type C (European 2-pin) Type F (German 2-pin, side clip earth)
Dialing code: +98
Perhaps it is not unreasonable to say that you will see the best of everything in Iran, a country with four seasons, 2500 years history, diverse nature and a unique culture. Nowadays most of the people from all around the world know Persia or Iran through its carpets, its caviar, or through its importance as one of the world’s major oil-producing nations. Yet, Persia has one of the richest and oldest cultures in the world.
Here is some information about Iran:
The capital of Iran is Tehran. Persian is Iran’s national and official language. Iranian people are from Aryaee tribes.
Religion: Shia Islam is the dominant religion in Iran, although other minorities such as Christians, Jews and Zoroastrian has been also adopted.
History: Recent discoveries indicate that, centuries before the rise of earliest civilizations in Mesopotamia, Iran was inhabited by human race. The written history of Iran dates back to 3200 BC. It begins with the early Achaemenids, The dynasty under which the first Iranian world empire blossomed.
Cyrus the Great was the founder of the empire and he is the first to establish the charter of human rights. In this period Iran stretched from the Aegean coast of Asia Minor to Afghanistan, as well as south to Egypt. The Achaeamenid Empire was overthrown by Alexander the Great in 330 BC and was followed by The Seleucid Greek Dynasty.
After the Seleucids, we witness dozens of successive dynasties reigning over the country. These dynasties are comprised of Parthian, Sassanid, Samanid, Ghaznavid, Safavid, Zand, Afsharid, Qajar and Pahlavi. In 641 Arabs conquered Iran and launched a new vicissitudinous era. Persians, who were the followers of Zoroaster, gradually turned to Islam and it was in Safavid period when Islam (shia) became the official religion of Iran.
In 1979, the nation, under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, erupted into revolution and the current Islamic republic of Iran was founded.
Throughout Iran’s long history, in spite of different devastating invasions and occupations by Turks, Mongols, British, Russians, and others, the country has always maintained its national identity and has developed as a distinct political and cultural entity.
Economy:Iran is heaven of economy and is an important place in the global economy due to the possession of the oil industry, petrochemical industry, natural gas and etc. generally, Iran’s economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, small-scale private trading and service ventures and is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank.
Climate: Iran has one of the most unique climates among the world’s countries. The difference between the hottest and coldest temperatures sometimes reaches more than 50 degrees Celsius. Generally, winters are cold with heavy snowfall and subzero temperatures during December and January. Spring and fall have relatively mild weather conditions, while summers are dry and hot. All over a year Iran is great place to travel. If you travel during summer months you will enjoy sunshine, if you travel during winter you will have a chance for skiing. In spring you can visit the variety festivals as Nowrooz. You also have a chance to travel to deserts or the greenest and rainy places in Iran at the same time with just a few hours time difference. So just close your bags right now and get ready to travel.
Iran consists of the Iranian Plateau with the exception of the coasts of the Caspian Sea and Khuzestan Province. It is one of the world’s most mountainous countries. Its landscape dominated by ragged mountain ranges that separate various basins or plateaux from one another. The populous western part is the most mountainous, with ranges such as the Caucasus, Zagros and Alborz Mountains; the last contains Iran’s highest place. Mount Damavand at 5,610 m (18,406 ft) is the highest mountain on the Eurasian landmass west of the Hindu Kush.
The northern part of Iran is covered by dense rain forests called Shomal or the Jungles of Iran. The eastern part consists mostly of desert basins such as the Dasht-e Kavir, which is Iran’s largest desert in the north-central portion of the country, and the Dasht-e Lut, in the east, as well as some salt lakes. This is because the mountain ranges are too high for rain clouds to reach these regions.
Currency:Rial is the currency of Iran that is also shown in abbreviated form “IRR” in global transactions. Iranians commonly express amounts of money and prices of goods in Tomans,(One Toman equals 10 Rials),It means one zero is skipped when Toman is used instead of Rials. The main method of trading in Iran is through the use of cash.
Highlightcity:Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Yazd, Kerman, Kashan, Ahvaz, Tabriz, Mashhad, Qom, Hamedan, Uromia, Abyaneh, Kish, Susa, Rasht, Nain, Dizin and Persapolis are some of highlighted and attractive cities of Iran .
Meal: Persian cuisine has one of the most complete ingredients. Main meals in Iran are often served from 12pm-3pm as lunch, and dinner is often eaten after 8pm. Stews and Kababs are well known Persian dishes. When talking about Iranian food you will face with variety menu based on different region of Iran, although you can find several good international restaurants which offer Chinese, Japanese, Italian , French food and all kinds of fast food in every cities .All kind of meat are served like chiken,fish,lamb,turkey ,shrimp except pork and alcoholic drinks which are forbidden religiously. In fact all types of food in Iran should be halal (religiously approved).
Dress: Maybe the dress code in Iran is different from yours, but sometimes trying new and different clothes could be a good experience. So you have a chance to taste it. Generally, in Iran women wear dress called “Manto” that is the same as your spring coat. They also wear scarf and pants. Another usual form of dress in Iran is chador. There is no force to wear Chador except when you want to visit holy places. Iranian dress code for men are easier than women. Their dressing is the same as male dressing all around the world, but it is better not to wear short trousers. So don’t think at all that colors are just black and white, you are free to choose any colors that you like. I assure you it won’t make you uncomfortable, it’s just different.
Handicraft:The handicraft is the art of every country that sometimes we take it as symbol of that country, or we get it as souvenirs for our dearest or ourselves. Due to Iran’s very old civilization, rich cultures and also geographical location have important roles in the world arts and crafts. Choosing handicraft from Iran you will face with variety choices that are even different in each region. You will find Iranian rug, Khatam woodcrafts, Mina (painting on metal),Handmade Ceramics, Ghalamkari, jewelery and local traditional dresses as different handicrafts specific to this country.
You can have a long list of choices for buying a souvenir. Apart from handicrafts Iran souvenirs are known as saffron, pistachios, carpets and caviar.
Some Iranian custom:Iranians are warm, friendly and generous individuals with a strong interest in foreigners and other cultures. If you travel to Iran for first time its better to know some of their traditional behaviors like “Tarof”.
Tarof: Is a kind of behavior for showing hospitality. A host repeat an offer for several times although the guest is free to accept or not but accept it. it actually shows politeness. If you are invited to an Iranian family home, its better to bring small gifts as flowers or sweets.