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The ancient monument of Pasargadea as the earliest capital of the Acheamenid-first Persian Empire-manifests the glorious civilization of the nation.

Located near the Iranian historical city of Shiraz, the place wasn’t only the capital of its founder Cyrus the Great but later became his last resting place.

The first capital of the Acheamenid Empire-Pasargadea-lies in ruins 43 kilometers from Persepolis,in Fars  province southwestern Iran.

The structure was unfinished when Cyrus died in a battle.The location is currently considered as one of Iran’s most remarkable archaeological site which covers 1.6 square kilometers. Pasargadea stands as an exceptional witness to the Acheamenid civilization.The vast Acheamenid Empire which extended from the eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River in India is considered the first empire to be characterized by a respect for cultural diversity of its people.

The most important monument in Pasargadea is the mausoleum of Cyrus. Pasargadae represents the first phase of this development into a specifically Persian architecture which later found its full expression in the city of Persepolis. Archaeologists have recently unveiled that Pasargadae was granted with unique structural engineering as Acheamenid engineers built the city to withstand a sever earthquake what would today be classified as 7.0 on the Richter magnitude scale.

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Pasargadae was first archaeologically explored by the German archaeologist Ernst Hertzfeld in 1905.In 1928 Hertzfeld along with his assistant Friedrich Krefter did one excavation season.After Hertzfeld,Sir Aurel Stein completed a site plan for Pasargadae in 1934.Later in 1935 Erich F.Schmidt produced a series of aerial photographs of the entire complex.

In 1930,the Brazilian poet Manuel Banderia published a poem called Vou me embora pra Pasarrgada( I will go away to Pasargadae) in a book titled Libertinagem.In the book,Pasargadae is described as a Utopian city.This poem has become one of the Portuguese language classics.

I’m Going Away to Pasargadae

I am going away to Pasargada
There I am friend of the king
There I have the woman I want
On the bed that I shall choose
I am going away to Pasargada.

I am going away to Pasargada
Here I am not happy
There life is an adventure
I such a non-mattering way
That Joan the Mad Woman of pain
Queen and pretended insane
Is relative once removed
From the daughter-in-law I never had.

And how I will exercise!
I will pedal my bicycle!
I will ride the wild ass!
I will climb the greased pole!
I will bathe in the sea!
And when I am tired
I will lie on the banks of the river
And call the nymph of the water
To tell me the stories
That Rose used to tell me
When I was a boy
I am going away to Pasargada.

There´s everything in Pasargada
It´s another civilization:
It has s safe and sure way
To prevent knocking the girls up
It has automatic telephone
It has plenty of dope
It has beautiful prostitutes
For one to make love to.

And when I become sadder
So sad that I have no more hope
And when in the night it comes:
The desire to kill myself
— Ah, there I am friend of the king —
Then I have the woman I want
On the bed that I shall choose
I am going away to Pasargada.