For at least 2,000 years the region once known as Persia has remained the most important source of Turquoise.It’s sky-blue turquoise has always been a magnet for beauty seekers throughout history.
Turquoise is a non-vitreous stone which differs in shade from blue,green and blue-green depending on its origin.Persian turquoise is extensively found in Iran’s northeastern city of Neyshabur located about 150 kilometers west of Mashhad in Khorasan province and dates back to 4’000 BC. Neyshabur turquoise mines located 53 kilometers north-west of the city and believed to be among the world’s oldest known turquoise mines which supplied the stone to Europe,western Asia and America.
Turquoise might have been the first gem stone to be used in jewelry.Historical documents show that Egyptian Queens wore bracelets made of gold and turquoise. Archaeological findings show that early inhabitants of the western hemisphere had detailed knowledge of turquoise and used it for luck and health.The stone has religious,artistic and trade values.It was also used in negotiating treaties and making jewelry.
Persians believed that the reflection of the new moon on turquoise brought luck and guarded against evil,they also believed that looking at the stone could sharpen eyesight and placing it on an inflamed eye was considered to be a cure.Some believed that turquoise could predict weather and affect dreams. Pre-Colombian western inhabitants such as the Aztecs,Incas and Mayas worshiped turquoise and used it in religious ceremonies.They considered it a symbol of prosperity and even today some people believe that turquoise is beneficial for laryngitis ,respiratory ,immune system ailments and stress.